Always assume when you travel abroad that the water you take is not safe to drink unless you know how to distinguish if the water is potable and clean. Even European holiday resorts and hotels advise not to drink water from any water source especially raw water.
The Safe Water for International Travelers or (SWIT) is a self-determining organization that gives the most excellent information available with regards to water safety worldwide. This organization provides information gathered from essential and trustworthy resources. This organization has a website where you will find out which categorizes the condition and status of the drinking water in any specific country.
By just drinking contaminated water, possible diseases will attack your body system, diseases like cholera, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, dysentery and diarrhea. These days, most companies promote sealed bottled water for safe drinking water but ensure that the bottled water you purchase has an intact sealed when you receive a bottle. Don’t accept bottled water which is not intact and sealed, it could have the possibility that the bottle is already used or refilled from other water sources.
World travelers say, “Don’t drink the water”, for some good reason. But you can be practical; just don’t directly drink tap water in developing countries if there’s no assurance that the water is safe and also don’t eat street food to avoid having additional disease aside from the disease from contaminant water. Consider brining with you your backpack with elasticized pockets where you can place you own purified bottled water.
There are gadgets introduced in the market nowadays that can prevent diseases. These gadgets have their own purifying process; these are the Survival Water Filters and water bottle and life straw. Purifier bottle helps eliminates bacteria and germs in raw water, river or lakes. It helps kill 99% of waterborne disease and filters odor-causing, tasteless tasting sediments. And the life straw is quite a thought of a drinking straw that can keep microorganism from going through your water. These products are quite expensive yet effective purifier for traveling purposes.
Water purification entails disinfection and removal of suspended particles. There are three options available: Iodine, Filtration and Iodination.
The most efficient and simplest method of water purification is boiling. Boil water for approximately five minutes and when it cooled, keep water in a potable sealable container to keep away from re – contamination. Chemical purification using Iodine is the other option but it is not advisable to take too much. Iodine should only be utilized for short period of time but people who have thyroid and pregnant women are not recommended to drink water with chemicals. Consult first your doctor before using it. Iodination is preferable to chlorination; thus, iodine is efficient against waterborne diseases and is effective as a disinfectant. Amoebic cyst and Giardia can be killed by chlorine. Chlorine can also be used for cooking and washing. After adding iodine in the water, let it stand for at least 30 minutes before using it. The third method is filtration. Filtration is important when the water has a high degree of suspended substances and turbid.